33 Criteria

Defining 33 criteria to research and evaluate fascinating holistic architecture.


1. ajour
Sitting the daylight through it, partly visible from what remains behind, misty landscape, snow landscape, play between form & residual form & in balance – seventh veil, not giving everything away immediately, discovering


2. artes martiales
high degree of functionality, high content of emotion


3. articulation


4. atmosphere


5. cavity
3rd primal image, cavern, cave, cavity, underground, Ronchamps: shot (birth) in search of light (Giovanni Battista Piranesi & Lebbeus Woods, common fascination for: excavation / inhabitation, excavation & inhabitation – based on gigantic structures)


6. combine


7. quotation
The quotation refers to knowledge of the facts and open eyes in order to trace the reference. A culturally exciting quote, presence of the past, villa dall’ Ava OMA: Mies, Corbu,


8. clair-obscur
3rd dimension: space, light & dark, density, contrast, open-ended, software – hardware (kasbah, ksar)


9. clairiére
clearing in the forest, place for rituals, urbanism, square, open space, primeval forest in the collective memory (Gothic cathedral)


10. Connection
bridge between 2 worlds, element that connects 2 parts, connection element makes it totally solid and complete 2 parts are not each other’s complement as in setting


11. contour
the outline, the envelope, the iconographers were sure of the “holiness” of the contour, graffiti – contours are filled in, stained-glass: contours do not delimit the depiction


12. emotion


13. exact
exact architecture is created from precise design decisions that comply with minutely drawn up rules that result from the (extreme) possibilities, the possible & to which all decisions are subordinate. The design process therefore consists of constantly monitoring the set rules, parameters that follow from the laws, the evidences, the preoccupations.
Non-design: a correctness that is not non-committal but adherent – forms a coherent whole, not subject to, not dominant. the right view of the things of a city, village, landscape, environment, the means to achieve the right regulations, the right parameters to achieve are insight, transparency, seeing and that is acquired by: research, analysis, culture, history, sociology, philosophy, time & space – time aspect, it now, design is a pursuit and acquisition of a higher cognitive ability (ability to know) and this requires a dynamic intelligence in order to be able to make all parts a consonant whole, architecture must thus evoke emotions and specify moods. melancholy – phlegmatic, sanguile, choleric


14. articulation
parts clearly distinguish themselves from each other and are articulated by a joint


15. form
from observational psychology, unity in diversity, detail & great order hang together, large & small from the same elements, symbol: windmill, concorde, supreme function, presence, identity, physicality, vanitas. the outer is the inner, the form is the bearer of the idea – inncomparability, necessity, kind of divine power, an eternal principle (Cheops, Parthenon, Brancusi, Borobodur, Opera uzon, Kasbah Tissergate, Ronchamps, paperclip), windmill, stilth, boomerang, screw of airplane, crown of a bottle, Portbou / Caravan, Kuculcan, Casa Malaparte, Tugendhat / Mies, WTC/NY, sardine can, chip, “an organic whole, an organism more than an organization” Le Hollandais: Peter Greenaway in restaurant: canvas of Frans Hals story lasts exactly 1 week food menu, arbitrary structure along with music, rhythm / time: new day, new food menu, same tune (repetitive music), music: Funeral music, guiding & accompanying factor towards the end (funeral of the main character) is full of picturesque references: 2 D – 3 D extravagant cloakroom from JP Gautier to inspiration from Huzarenuniform – with a wink: spoons and other cutlery as degree indication, extreme atmospheres: brightly illuminated toilet, sultry restaurant, greenish kitchen, shiny asphalt surface of the parking space, human body as a binding element of diversity, interest in the human body is according to Greenaway exemplary of the general curiosity that man exhibits about his own physicality and that of others (The cook, the thief, his wife and her lover)


16. gesture
Schlich, weeping willow, first sketches by Mendelsohn


17. Grouping
species by species, overlapping, applying a direction, contrasts: large & small, from chaos creating order


18. golden section
a : b : 1 : 1,618, row of Fibonacci, Japan: basic module “the ken” , the size of the tatami 6 feet at 3 feet (1 foot , 28,7 cm), plants are always planted at an angle of 137,50776°


19. hierarchy
visual hierarchy, grouping


20. introïdus
scale transition between building and environment, citizen, connection, connection, connection between building and environment, introduction, rooted: introduction tgo ground crown: introduction, slipping tgo de lucht, end up above, cfr. Palladio , rhizome


21. modelé
bulge, cantilever


22. pars pro toto
from the literature: a short description, architectural sketch, 1 sentence which the project draws up, a few lines; ‘the ship had a crew of 10 heads’ quote: concealed quote which requires knowledge and eyes open to find the reference to the predecessor (subtle), ready made


23. présence


24. Refugin
pastoral in music / painting, looking for a “disappeared paradise” longing for …, nostalgic back to nature / autarki? is fixed in the primal memory.


25. rizoom
root system with multiple entrances, organisation: form equivalent & non-hazardous networks, design with escape lines instead of with building lines, let people nomadise instead of attaching themselves to a place


26. routing
the (fascinating) road, procession: drama, arte funeralis, Spain: samana santa: point hats (Cassandre: Etoile du nord, Paul Klee: point becomes line, Corbu: promenade architectural , pattern of quality – effort to find the way , privacy / rhizome)


27. decay
more beautiful by ageing, ageing, wear and tear, cracks, tears, peeling, shrivelling, defense, drying out, fading, rotting, processes that are accompanied by a certain beauty, poetry of decay, importance of the aging process of architecture (Spear: made quarrels of his projects)


28. setting
Complementary note (Lenôtre): urban planning, the art of the setting, where is it wet? How deep is the valley? How high is the mountain? What other construction? complementary setting: two units of castle & moat, house & garden, Virtruvius camped for weeks on the spot where he was going to build to get to know them, what will the users see of the building when they get up in the morning?


29. submission
not nedering, not subdued, not dominant, dissonance is always present: reaction, disharmony, creates a feverish environment – 39.8° , dynamics, al dente, ascetic (Denis Dujardin: dissimulation: as it were not present, e.g. by its pure evidence)


30. stairs
3D element par excellence, verticality (“In paradisum deducant di angeli”) over a staircase to the top, to paradise


31. unifer
coherence through: dominant element, unifying subsoil – contrasts: large & small (row of trees, hedge, canal pattern)


32. window
man , spectator, look, look out: hole , lookout, Steven Jacobs: The broken window, Corbu & his photographic camera as an artistic medium between the resident and the outside world, Corbu and the dispute with Perret: better lighting via a horizontal window or via a vertical window? Loos: voyeurism, lines of sight of the raum plan


33. join